Schools’ Folklore Scheme (1937-38)
In 1937 the Irish Folklore Commission, in collaboration with the Department of Education and the Irish National Teachers' Organisation, initiated a revolutionary scheme in which schoolchildren were encouraged to collect and document folklore and local history.
Over a period of eighteen months some 100,000 children in 5,000 primary schools in the twenty-six counties of the Irish Free State were encouraged to collect folklore material in their home districts. The topics about which the children were instructed to research and write included local history and monuments, folktales and legends, riddles and proverbs, songs, customs and beliefs, games and pastimes, traditional work practices and crafts, etc. The children collected this material mainly from their parents and grandparents and other older members of the local community or school district. Now known as the Schools' Manuscript Collection, the scheme resulted in more than half a million manuscript pages of valuable material.
Dúchas.ie is a project to digitize the National Folklore Collectionof Ireland, one of the largest folklore collections in the world. Material from six counties in the Schools Collection, including Galway, is available on dúchas.ie. New material is being added on a phased basis. This collection was compiled by schoolchildren in Ireland in the 1930’s.
Start exploring the collection here:
Here is an example of a transcribed page:
School: Clochar na Trócaire (Newtownsmith)
Location: Newtownsmith, Co. Galway
Teacher: Sr M. Colmán
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